MISSION LOGS
( Disease Defenders | Animal Alert! )


Mission logs are scavenger-hunt type of questions that can be answered by students either while playing or after playing the game.

Following are the mission logs for each path:

MISSION LOGS (By Expert Path)
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Microbiology Path — Mission Log
Questions

What is encephalitis?

Brain inflammation

Patient samples were analyzed for what pathogens?

Bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi

What type of pathogen is causing the encephalitis?

A virus

What specific pathogen does Dr. Adel Ratu think is causing the encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis virus

What is on a viral microarray?

Short DNA pieces that match different known viruses.

The unknown viruses nucleic acid showed a ______% match to
____________________.

78%, Nipah virus

What technique is used to confirm the microarray results?

Nucleic acid sequencing

What were the results of the sequencing?

The unknown virus does not match Nipah virus.

Serology was used to search the patient's blood samples for _______________ to Nipah virus.

Antibodies

What is the identity of the unknown virus?

Yara virus

What activity disrupted the fruit bats habitat that led to the outbreak?

Jungle clearing


Veterinary Medicine Path — Mission Log
Questions

What is encephalitis?

Brain inflammation

What is personal protective equipment?

Clothing, gloves, or a face mask that are worn to create a barrier between you and infectious materials.

What clinical signs do the sick pig have?

Coughing, trouble breathing, and leg spasms and weakness.

What disease does the vet suspect the pigs have?

Japanese Encephalitis

What is a quarantine?

A forced isolation of animals or people for the purpose of preventing the spread of an infectious disease.

What virus has infected the pigs?

Yara virus

What three things do pathogens cycle between in a disease transmission cycle?

Reservoirs, vectors, and hosts

A ______________ is where a pathogen normally lives. It is a constant source of a pathogen and is required for a pathogen to survive.

Reservoir

What is a disease vehicle?

A contaminated object that can transmit disease from a reservoir to a host.

______ are the reservoir, ______ are the vector, ______ are the vehicle, and ______ are the host in the Yara virus transmission cycle.

Fruit bats, pigs, mangoes, and people

What activity disrupted the fruit bats habitat and led to the outbreak?

Jungle clearing


Epidemiology Path — Mission Log
Questions

What is encephalitis?

Brain inflammation

How do you determine if there is an outbreak occurring?

Compare the number of cases this year to the number of cases last year on a graph.

Who are the controls in the case-control study?

People in the villages that are not sick with encephalitis.

What pathogen is the cause of the encephalitis?

Yara virus

What do all the encephalitis cases in the North Village have in common?

They are all butchers.

What is the source of Yara virus in the North, West, and East Village?

Pigs

Who are affected with encephalitis in the South Village?

Young, male fruit pickers.

What is the source of Yara virus in the South Village?

Contaminated mangoes.

What animal is the link between pigs, mangoes, and people?

Fruit bats

What activity disrupted the fruit bats habitat that led to the outbreak?

Jungle clearing